Tuesday, March 31, 2009

The Real Nefertiti

A scan of the famous and hotly disputed bust of Nefertiti in the Altes museum has revealed what appears to be the famous Queen without her makeup on.

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/03/090331-nefertiti-bust-picture.html

and here:

http://dsc.discovery.com/news/2009/03/31/nefertiti-zoom.html

Monday, March 30, 2009

Sunday, March 29, 2009

Lost Civilization

Fifty years after the high damn was built and the monuments were removed to higher ground the loss was to the many people who's ancestral homes were drowned beneath lake Nasser.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7963042.stm

The Treasures of Tutankhamun and the Egyptian Museum of Cairo


Alessia Amenta
White Star publishers
2005
ISBN 88-544-0068-8

This large but not huge volume is filled with wonderful photographs by Araldo De Luca with its text by Alessia Amenta. The book is not very in depth but rather a light look at the artifacts from ancient Egypt's main Pharaonic periods.

Each period is preceded with a description of that period and followed by artifacts, often famous with their individual descriptions. Famous indeed but I still found a couple of the objects that were unknown to me.

Despite the books name the objects belonging to the boy king make up a nice selection without over dominating the book. The section on the royal mummies of course is represented by the usual kings so not much there.

The content of this book and the masterpieces chosen made for a good mornings read certainly an appropriate volume for readers young and old and those who have only a few minutes to glance at the pages. Short and Sweet!

Saturday, March 28, 2009

Valley of Kings: The Tombs and the Funerary Temples of Thebes West


Kent Weeks
VMB Publishers
Italy
2008
ISBN: 978-88-540-0976-9

This book edited by Kent R. Weeks and with photographs by Araldo De Luca has 14 contributors who represent a who's who of Egyptology so much is expected from it. Right off the start the first problem I have with the book is it's mammoth size and weight making it difficult to read.

The book is filled with many beautiful images and informative schematics making the book easy to understand unfortunately by now you will have to adjust your reading position before the book crushes you under its weight.

After a chapter on the history of the exploration of Thebes and it's necropolis' the book heads into the "Temples of millions of years". These temples were built during ancient Egypt's New Kingdom as mortuary temples for the Pharaoh's of the 18th, 19th and 20th dynasty's.

The images that accompany the text are excellent and the information on some of the most important New Kingdom temples of millions of years is incredibly interesting and filled with lots of detail about these structures.

The chapter by Erik Hornung on funerary literature in the Valley of Kings was excellent unfortunately however the subject is so complicated that the chapter could have used the help of many more images.

The book next goes on to describe the individual Pharaoh's tombs in the valley but sadly the tombs of Thutmosis I, Hatshepsut, Thutmosis IV, Amenhotep III and the lesser Rammaside Pharaoh's are not included in this section. Certainly the tombs included were for the most part interesting particularly the under published tomb of Ramses II though with the plethora of books on King Tutankhamun's tomb I could have done without it, nothing new there.

The book next and interesting enough goes on to tombs in the Valley of Queen's with a nice look at Nefertari's beautiful monument but no other Queen's tomb. How I wish they had done tomb 51 that of Queen Isis mentioned in ancient tomb robbing papyrus' but instead the book goes into brief descriptions of two princely tombs in the valley and that was it, hardly worth the mention of the Queen's valley.

Next it is on to the tombs of the nobles which are certainly interesting and well presented with much new information on a number of well known tombs and of course the beautiful pictures by Mr. De Luca. All in all this book was a good read especially if you like an upper body workout at the same time.

Valley of Kings.

No much new in the valley of Kings but Dr. Hawass has a few things to say.

http://drhawass.com/blog/press-release-latest-news-valley-kings

Wednesday, March 25, 2009

Meresamun

The University of Chicago magazine has an excellent interactive piece on the mummy of Meresamun. Outstanding!

http://magazine.uchicago.edu/mummy/meresamun.shtml

Tuesday, March 24, 2009

Hierakonpolis Interactive Dig Report

Here the huge hole in the wall of the fort is being filled to prevent the collapse of the wall.

http://www.archaeology.org/interactive/hierakonpolis/field09/1.html

Monday, March 23, 2009

Stolen Coffin

Here we have a picture of the coffin that Dr. Hawass wants returned from the United states. The article claims the coffin belongs to a king which it clearly does not.

http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5gmlqUI9TuQVibcJRjc95USQoWAwgD97376280

Saving the Step Pyramid

An article from Dr. Hawass on the rising ground water and the damages being caused to Djoser's pyramid and the work being done to save the pyramid.

http://drhawass.com/blog/saving-step-pyramid

Sunday, March 22, 2009

Coffin Crime

Something about this article seems a little messed up but I would bet it is the 1884 date and that the article has merit.

http://www.reuters.com/article/lifestyleMolt/idUSTRE52L0LT20090322

Thursday, March 19, 2009

Nebamun's Chapel

An article on the recent restoration and mounting of the 11 chapel paintings in the British museum.

http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2009/939/heritage.htm

Hatshepsut's Perfume

A perfume bottle said to have been found in the Female Pharaoh's funerary possessions still contains residue which will be tested to be recreated.

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/03/photogalleries/egyptian-queen-perfume/index.htm

TT11

This excellent video shows the Djehuty tomb including a schematic of the Hatshepsut era tomb where gold jewelry was recently found.

http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2009/03/16/ciencia/1237219070.html

Hatshepsut's Mortuary Temple

This is an ongoing project of creating 3d images of Hatshepsut's mortuary temple.

http://en.naukawpolsce.pl/palio/html.run?_Instance=cms_naukapl.pap.pl&_PageID=1&s=szablon.depesza&dz=archeology&dep=359716&data=&lang=EN&_CheckSum=847137669

Kv 63 Update

There is a nice picture of the now restored funerary bed found in some of the jars found in the tomb and a name has appeared on one of the coffins.

http://www.kv-63.com/home.html

Wednesday, March 18, 2009

Hatshepsut Ruler of the Golden Age

This article from National Geographic is on the Great female Pharaoh Hatshepsut who ruled during Pharaonic age at the end of the 16th century BC. The article comes with a great slide show.

http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2009/04/hatshepsut/brown-text

Monday, March 16, 2009

Smell Like an Egyptian

An article on recreating the scents used by the ancient Egyptians.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2009-03/uob-wsd031309.php

Dashur For Sure

Dr. Hawass' article on the preservation of Dashur.

http://drhawass.com/blog/new-project-launched-protection-dahshur

Ancient Lives: The Story of Pharaohs Tombmakers


John Romer
Michael O'Mara Books Limited
1994
ISBN 1-85479-927-4

This book is written from the thousands of unique documents that survive from the ancient community of Deir El Medinah, the builders of the tombs in the Valley of Kings. The story is crafted to reveal a community of privilege who's members are at once orderly and human highly respected and high spirited.

The documents used to tell their lives bring surprising sharp images of the people and their mastery of their craft creating tombs for Pharaohs and their courts. A literate class who's confined lives were not always easy but are well expressed by Mr. Romer.

The tensions within the closely confined community are expected and an opposing party tells of a robbery occurring in the tomb of the Pharaoh Seti II with objects stolen and a drunken worker even sitting on the sarcophagus of the King during burial while the Kings mummy lay within. Vicious accusations from one family to another in order to gain prestige away from another within the confines of their small community

Ultimately the tomb builders fates lay with the Kings who courts left the Holy city of Thebes and the powerful priests of Amun to move farther away in the delta, the workers finding themselves beholden to the interests a much wider bureaucracy while a series of short reigning Kings gradually lost interest and forgot the royal tomb builders.

By the last of the Rammeside Pharaohs a succession of weak Kings and crop failures cause in a short period for the society of the Holy city and the sacred necropolis' to be robbed of their valuable furnishings. The tomb builders become the tomb robbers till the inhabitants are no longer safe or being fed in their little isolated village and the people move away and the tomb builders families and descendants simply vanish from recorded history.

This is one of those books where i found myself saying Wow again and again, it takes a few chapters to get into the complexities of the village life and its inhabitants but once in the reader becomes hooked and the book becomes hard to put down.

Truly "Ancient lives" is John Romer's masterpiece and one of the finest compositions I have read in years.

The Last Ruler


Here is another article on Cleopatra's ancestory.

http://dsc.discovery.com/news/2009/03/16/cleopatra-african.html

Sunday, March 15, 2009

Ptolemaic I guess

Here another article on the supposed remains of Cleopatra's sister.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/also_in_the_news/7945333.stm

Kelsey at Abydos

Here is the dig diary of the Kelsey museum.

http://sitemaker.umich.edu/kelseymuseum.digdiary/week_2__feb._22-28_

Princess Arsinoe

What are believed to be the skeletal remains of Cleopatra's sister have been found in Turkey and may lead to the discovery of Cleopatra's genetic heritage. A little Greek a little Egyptian and a little African.

http://www.myfoxchattanooga.com/myfox/pages/News/Detail?contentId=8378534&version=1&locale=EN-US&layoutCode=TSTY&pageId=3.4.1

Saturday, March 14, 2009

Pharaohs Workers

An article on the artists responsible for creating the tombs of the Kings.

http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2009/938/he1.htm

Friday, March 13, 2009

The Land of Plagues

The Egyptian government is looking to pass harsher laws to stop the smuggling of antiquities these laws will only serve to keep in prisons people for many years at the expense of the well being of the monuments.

In Dr. Zahi Hawass' book "The valley of the golden mummies" Dr. Hawass tells about a theft of artifacts that took place in 1976 and that 24 years later those responsible were still in prison.

Those foreign institutions who pay to restore Egypt's monuments should not forget that Egypt cannot afford to pay for the restoration because it is too busy paying to keep people in prison without a second chance for decades. Now people like Dr. Hawass want to make the laws even more severe.

Foreigners and Egyptians alike should remember Egypt is a dictatorship and people are not objects! Apparently the forgiveness in the Koran does not apply to Egypt.

The land of the plagues.

http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2009/938/eg7.htm

Cairo Thefts

Paintings have been stolen from a museum in Cairo as well as objects from other sites while underpaid guards look the other way.

http://www.metimes.com/International/2009/03/13/museum_theft_highlights_controversy_over_return_of_egypts_artifacts/2417/

Interview with Dr. Hawass

Here we have an interview with the Secretary General of Egypt's Supreme council of antiquities,

http://www.scaddistrict.com/?p=1571

Sailing Like an Egyptian

Here is another story on that ship recreated form an ancient one found from the reign of Hatshepsut.

http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2009/938/special.htm

Thursday, March 12, 2009

Overlapping Kings

I noticed recently that when I aligned the third Amenhotep's year reign of 25 with his successor and namesakes year 1 that a number of curious dates begin to suggest that much of the fourth Amenhotep's reign may actually have run parallel to his father.

If we are to believe that the head of mummy #61074 in the Cairo museum is actually that of the third Amenhotep than he probably was suffering from his teeth by his reign year 25 and with the early and probably recent death of Crown princeThutmosis the king took on his younger son Amenhotep and made him his co-regent.

Plague may have been raging in Egypt at this time and in year 27 the third Amenhotep buried a number of members of his family a plague sending the two kings to different desert palaces.

By year 30 of the third Amenhotep's reign the elder king deifies himself while at the same time his son is changing his name to Akenaten.

The suggestion that Amenhotep was the Aten is valid with his son at Amarna, Akenaten being the soul communicator to the god for his people.

The Kings year 37 Sed festival may have found the king in grave health unable to attend his own festival worse yet the king may have fallen ill when the guests were already on their way.

A change of venue may account for the unusual 12th year Sed festival of Akenaten, the idea that Amenhotep's yr. 37 Sed festival and Akenaten's yr. 12 Sed festivals are one and the same event.

Amenhotep III dying in his sons regnal year 13 with Akenaten dying a mere 4 years after his father.

With such possibilities it is no wonder the frustrations of chronology but mid 14th century is probably still good.

Talatat of Nefertiti

A talatat block bearing the image of a queen has been found reused in the construction of a Christian church.

http://drhawass.com/blog/press-release-talatat-block-bearing-possible-image-nefertiti-discovered-sheikh-%E2%80%98ibada

Djehuty's Tomb

Here is a large picture of the Hatshepsut period jewelry found in TT11.

http://drhawass.com/photoblog/jewelry-found-tt11-tomb-djehuty

Wednesday, March 11, 2009

Tuesday, March 10, 2009

Brooklyn's Dig at Mut Temple

Here is the final post for the Mut dig diary.

http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/community/blogosphere/bloggers/2009/03/09/and-now-it%E2%80%99s-back-to-research-and-writing/

Ancient Gold

Here is an image of the jewelry found in TT11, the tomb of an official of Hatshepsut by the name of Djehuty.

http://www.voanews.com/english/2009-03-10-voa65.cfm

TT11

A second burial chamber has been found in the tomb of Djehuty at Dra abu el Naga, the chamber is rare because it is painted and comes from the time of King Hatshepsut.

http://drhawass.com/blog/press-release-new-discovery-tomb-djehuty-tt11-dra-abu-el-naga

and here:

http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601088&sid=a0aBPssKcdEk&refer=muse

Monday, March 9, 2009

Sail Like an Egyptian

The writer of this article acts surprised that ancient boats actually work, of course they work!

http://www.popsci.com/scitech/article/2009-03/sail-egyptian?page=

The Valley of the Golden Mummies


Zahi Hawass
Harry N. Abrams. INC.
New York
2000
ISBN 0-8109-3942-8

This large and picturesque book is by the undefiable head of Egypt's Supreme council of antiquities Dr. Zahi Hawass. The author opens his book with a record of his accomplishments and quickly show the stern showman has a sense of humor though I am glad his career as a diplomat was put on a back shelf.

The good doctor gives credit where it is due for the discovery of the Valley of the golden mummies that belonging to a guard and a donkey at the temple of Alexander the great in the Bahariya oasis. The Valley of golden mummies is loaded with pictures which makes the read easy to understand and follow giving the book a much wider appeal to readers young and old.

The subject of the book is a Greco-Roman cemetery filled with beautifully gilded mummies I found especially touching the mummy of the boy found in tomb 54 and the mummy called the bride. The author puts the Bahariya oasis into a modern perspective which includes the welfare of its inhabitants.

I would have enjoyed more pictures of mummies in the mummification chapter which was nearly void of images of the chapters subject. Dr. Hawass leaves the golden mummies relatively early in the book and spends the rest of the book talking about the regions monuments and Egypt's Gods.

The Valley of golden mummies was an entertaining read though I would have preferred more on the books title subject it was still worth a read with lots of information on some of Egypt's lesser known monuments.

Cairo Awakens

Good article on the crisis between Israel and the Palestinian people in the Gaza strip represented by Hamas. The article talks about Egypt's diplomatic responsibilities according to the author working on behalf of the Jerusalem Post.

http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1235898314460&pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull

Sunday, March 8, 2009

Saturday, March 7, 2009

Conversations with Mummies


Rosalie David and Rick Archbold
Harper Collins Publishers
The Madison Press Limited
New York
2000
ISBN: 0-688-17143-5

This books authors include the Eminent Dr. Rosalie David of the Manchester Museum and its Manchester Museum Mummy Project and Rick Archbold.

The book opens with the autopsy of mummy 1770 on the BBC in 1975 the mummy turned out to be controversial and to this day is used by some to suggest error in carbon 14 dating. The book moves on to a short biography of the brilliant Dr. David and her mummy project.

Manchester's Egyptian collection can not be mentioned without a mention of the intact Middle Kingdom tomb of the two brothers and their unwrapping by Margaret Murray early in the last century. The two authors relate stories of different mummy autopsies in the United states, Canada and England including the use of CT scanners.

Among the many mummies studied comes the beautiful Djedmaatasankh from the Royal Ontario Museum who is cocooned in a beautiful case that comes from Egypt's 22nd Dynasty and cannot be opened without damaging the work of art.

The book moves on to the work being done on diseases in ancient and modern Egyptian populations with the help of the Manchester mummy tissue bank, a collection of Egyptian mummy tissue from as many as possible mummies in the world outside Egypt. These samples are being used to track the evolution of diseases including malaria and Schistosomiasis.

The book was an excellent read and the science being done will no doubt advance our knowledge of the well being of those ancient, modern and future lives. The contents are by no means a romantic read but if you like mummies and science this ones for you.

Friday, March 6, 2009

The Cult of Isisnofret

The recent discovery of the Nobel women's tomb has some speculating that she may be the granddaughter of the Pharaoh Ramses the great of Egypt's 19th dynasty.

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/03/090306-egypt-cult-chapels.html

Thursday, March 5, 2009

In the House

Here is an article on recent discoveries most from the 18th dynasty with the tomb containing the unattractive coffins and canopics being the exception from the late period.

http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2009/937/heritage.htm

Amenhotep III Statues

I know the last time we reported statues found of this King we never did see the statue and then it became confusing. However this time we have pictures and the two statues found here look like nice ones.

http://uk.reuters.com/article/scienceNews/idUKTRE52429G20090305

Wednesday, March 4, 2009

The Pyramids by Ahmed Fakhry


Ahmed Fakhry
The University of Chicago Press
1961
U.S.A.
Library of Congress No. 61-8654

This 249 page read from the University of Chicago press contains many images and schematics to help in the explanation of the monuments including at the back of the book a listing of all the known Egyptian pyramids as of 1961 and their base measurements.

Though I have to admit I have never been that interested in pyramids the most interesting I have found are the middle kingdom funerary monuments. The author is extremely knowledgeable on the subject and introduces interesting information that I have not heard before.

Mr. Fakhry explains the pyramids in their apparent chronological order including their associated mortuary and valley temples. The author explains lots of excellent history of previous excavators to the various sites including the measurements of the monuments which at times caused me to glaze over.

I guess my lack in interest in Egyptian pyramids is because almost all have been found to be empty of their ancient contents unlike the pyramids of the Sudan which though violated still contained large quantities of funerary material.

I was very impressed by the thoroughness of the authors descriptions and it is a clear and easy read the subject of the book was excellently presented and I would recommend this book.

The Drowning Sphinx

With the rising ground water the monuments of Egypt many of which are made of soft limestone need protecting or they will dissolve away.

http://drhawass.com/blog/keeping-great-sphinx%E2%80%99s-paws-dry

Tuesday, March 3, 2009

The Tomb of Isisnofret

The discovery includes a badly damaged limestone sarcophagus and three human mummies and funerary equipment.

http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601088&sid=a2jZeMFEMU44&refer=muse

The Lost Tomb of Amenhotep

Here is a video on the rediscovered monument.

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/29456229/

Here are the statues of Amenhotep and his wife Renena in the Pushkin museum:

http://www.museum.ru/gmii/defengl.htm


All the Egyptian pieces shown on the museums masterpiece page were stolen from Mr. Golenischev by the state during the revolution.

Underwater Alexandria

Underwater buildings are a bad idea and this museum will almost certainly turn into a money pit.

http://www.theage.com.au/world/egypt-in-deep-water-with-sunken-treasures-plan-20090221-8e5h.html?page=1

The Tomb of Isisnofret

The tomb of a noble women has been found at Saqqara included was a badly damaged limestone sarcophagus.

http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5iN7RpJH3_wfyn0__ZDOFGMueL36Q

Temple of Mut

Here we have an update from the Brooklyn museums temple of Mut blog.

http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/community/blogosphere/bloggers/2009/03/02/this-week-in-conservation-at-mut/#more-373

Monday, March 2, 2009

The Tomb of Amenhotep

This tomb has been found at Sheikh abd el- Qurna and there is a nice picture of the tombs painted ceiling.

http://drhawass.com/blog/press-release-lost-tomb-rediscovered

Here are the statues of Amenhotep and his wife Renena in the Pushkin museum:

http://www.museum.ru/gmii/defengl.htm


All the Egyptian pieces shown on the museums masterpiece page were stolen from Mr. Golenischev by the state during the revolution.

Textiles from KV63

Here is a short but quite interesting report on a textile found in the tomb.

http://www.kv-63.com/

Seti's Tunnel

Dr. Hawass' team are searching the tunnel extending from the depths of the tomb of King Seti I in the valley of Kings.

http://drhawass.com/blog/mysterious-tunnel-tomb-seti-i

Sunday, March 1, 2009

The Mortuary Temple of Amenhotep III

The statue from Amenhotep III temple of millions of years rises again complete with a replacement head, the original being in the British museum.

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/court_and_social/article5827034.ece

The Tomb of Amenhotep

Archaeologists have rediscovered this tomb belonging to an official of Thutmosis III which was originally discovered in 1880.

http://uk.reuters.com/article/scienceNews/idUKTRE5201G920090301

The Mummy

A 2700 year old lady is on display in a glass sided drawer along with her coffin in a case above her.

http://www.thecollegianur.com/2009/02/26/richmond%E2%80%99s-classical-department-displays-2700-year-old-mummy/

The Unwanted Road

A video on the approach of Cairo on the Giza necropolis.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7916288.stm