Saturday, October 17, 2009

Tomb of Djehutynakht

I have long been fascinated by tomb 10a at el Bersha, the tombs occupant a governor was buried in what may be the finest surviving coffin of the Middle Kingdom, his wife in the tomb next to him and what might be the largest collection of funerary models ever found in Egypt.

Djehutynahkt was a governor in Egypt's Middle Kingdom with he and his unnamed wife being buried in a tomb at an area known as el Bersha. The burial was probably entered and robbed a couple of thousand years later perhaps in Roman times.

These robbers tore the ends off Djehutynakht's two coffins to get at his mummy which they tore apart to steal the jewels scattering the remains around the room in the process. The coffins that supposedly contained his wife were left as a dis-articulated pile of boards.

As the robbers left they took some mummy wrappings and set fire to them, thankfully the fire did not catch and quickly went out. The preservation of the remaining contents belongs more than likely to an earthquake shortly after which brought large portions of the honeycombed cliff face down reburying the tomb.

When the Harvard Boston expedition arrived at the site a couple thousand years later in 1915 the tombs remaining contents were in excellent shape they found wooden artifacts and the mummy fragments but perhaps most important the collection of Middle Kingdom wooden models of varying quality.

The models convey scenes of workers in daily work from brewers and bakers to the very rare brick makers found among Djehutynakht's 39 models with the finest being a procession of offering bearers. Included with the workers were 55 model boats for the tomb owners to enjoy in the afterlife. When the tombs contents were shipped to America early last century the ship carrying the outer coffin caught fire with luck only minor water damage occurring.

Today for anyone wishing to see Djehutynakht's burial it can now be found in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.

Boston Museum of Fine Arts:

Giza Archives Project:

Mummy Mystery:

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