Monday, February 23, 2015

The Talatat Wall in the Luxor Museum

Recently I found myself viewing this image of the talatat wall of the Gempaaten created by the heretic King Amenhotep IV and erected at Karnak in the first years of his reign. The wall is in the much overlooked Luxor Museum of  Egyptian Art and contains mostly rows of bowing people and workers bringing the produce of the lands to the king though Amenhotep IV is oblivious and preoccupied worshiping the Aten. The question that came to my mind was why the king was represented smaller than the servant to his right on the other side of the divide?

The servant is one in a row which increase in size as they approach the king. While the king on the left is surrounded by two bowing officials shown the correct size in relation to King Amenhotep, however here Amenhotep IV is no longer in an act of praise and he holds no offerings but stands frozen gazing in the direction of the approaching giant. The bowing officials may as well be bowing to the king on the right behind the divider as they may be observing themselves the approaching giant?

Perhaps the scenes are to be viewed as separate entities, though the effect is the same. First I would consider why the king built with much smaller blocks than his predecessors? Does this monument mock Amenhotep IV? Does the monument represent the power of the priests of Amen over the architects, stone masons, and the king? That as a foresight thought to build a monument which would be much easier to dismantle after the death of the king. Is the king being forced to use smaller blocks by the power of the high priest of Amen?

There is no question of authenticity to the wall as the blocks were used as fill in the ninth pylon created by King Horemheb, the last king of the Eighteenth Dynasty. Is the message that the King was lower than the lowest worker? The Luxor Museums 1978 guide book states that the king is always shown larger than everyone else. Yet here there is a giant servant approaching the king from behind.

The author Anneke Bart has a list of high priests and believes the high priest of Amen during the later reign of Amenhotep III and the early reign of Amenhotep IV was Maya, also known as Ptahmose. I cannot help but wonder about the relationship King Amenhotep and Maya had. It may well have been one of despise towards each other with Maya in control of the king's memory at Karnak and in the Theban zone.

The High Priest of Amen Maya may have initiated the policy of using talatat blocks for this monument which was continued throughout the king's reign. Still, we are left with which wall the image was on, a wall seen by the king or the one at the back where the king was unlikely to see it too closely? One also has to wonder how much time Amenhotep IV wanted to spend at Karnak to notice such detail?

There is probably no answer remaining just thoughts.


1) Ancient Egypt


Anonymous said...

talatat were used in this size, 3 palms, talata means 3, to quickly acheave the constuction
have no idea why ths person as his side is bigger
might be a mistake in reconstructing him
if you look print the picture, cut the stones and stick them toguether without leaving spaces under, it should be as high as akhenaton

Rinkey said...

This talatat wall is big,and all the gays walking behind the "big guy" aré also big, I think that probably this is due an error of the people who put the wall together, (gross, if it is what had happen) and the talatat with this big servants belongs to other row, is inconceivable that a commoner was at the same level of the pharaoh.